Archive for ‘adventure’

March 23, 2013

sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab humare dil mein hai …..

ik se karta nahin kyun doosra baat cheet

dekhta hoon main jise wo chup teri mehfil mein hai

wo chup teri mehfil mein hai

sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab humare dil mein hai

sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab humare dil mein hai

dekhna hai zor kitna baazoo-e-qaatil mein hai

sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab humare dil mein hai

The patriotic Urdu and Hindi songs, Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna and Mera Rang De Basanti Chola (“my light-yellow-coloured cloak”; Basanti referring to the light-yellow color of the Mustard flower grown in the Punjab and also one of the two main colours of the Sikh religion as per the Sikh rehat meryada (code of conduct of the Sikh Saint-Soldier) ), while created by Ram Prasad Bismil, are largely associated to Bhagat Singh’s martyrdom …………

Bhagat Singh did not believe in Gandhian philosophy and felt that Gandhian politics would replace one set of exploiters with another. People find it difficult to accept the fact that he was an atheist and promoted the concept of atheism by writing a pamphlet titled ‘Why I am an Atheist.’

Bhagat Singh was also an admirer of the writings of Irish revolutionary Terence MacSwiney. The story goes that when Bhagat Singh’s father petitioned the British government to pardon his son, Bhagat Singhquoted Terence MacSwiney and said “”I am confident that my death will do more to smash the British Empire than my release” and told his father to withdraw the petition.

( incidentally, the young Ho Chi Minh, at that time a dishwasher in London, said of MacSwiney, “A Nation which has such citizens will never surrender.”)

Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary anarchist. He wrote, “The people are scared of the word anarchism. The word anarchism has been abused so much that even in India revolutionaries have been called anarchist to make them unpopular.” As anarchism means absence of ruler and abolition of state, not absence of order, Bhagat Singh explained, “I think in India the idea of universal brotherhood, the Sanskrit sentence vasudhaiva kutumbakam etc., has the same meaning.” He wrote about the growth of anarchism,”the first man to explicitly propagate the theory of Anarchism was Proudhon and that is why he is called the founder of Anarchism. After him a Russian, Bakunin, worked hard to spread the doctrine. He was followed by Prince Kropotkin etc.”

Bhagat Singh explained anarchism in the article, ” The ultimate goal of Anarchism is complete independence, according to which no one will be obsessed with God or religion, nor will anybody be crazy for money or other worldly desires. There will be no chains on the body or control by the state. This means that they want to eliminate: the Church, God and Religion; the state; Private property.”

Bhagat Singh was also influenced by Marxism. The historian,K. N. Panikkar described Singh as one of the early Marxists in India. From 1926, Bhagat Singh studied the history of the revolutionary movement in India and abroad. In his prison notebooks, Singh used quotations from Vladmir Lenin (on imperialism being the highest stage of capitalism) and Trotsky on revolution. In written documents, when asked what was his last wish, he replied that he was studying the life of Lenin and he wanted to finish it before his death. Bhagat Singh began to question religious ideologies after witnessing the Hindu-Muslim riots that broke out after Gandhi disbanded the Non-Cooperation Movement.

He did not understand how members of these two groups, initially united in fighting against the British, could be at each others’ throats because of their religious differences. At this point, Singh dropped his religious beliefs, since he believed religion hindered the revolutionaries’ struggle for independence, and began studying the works of Bakunin, Lenin, Trotsky — all atheist revolutionaries. He also took an interest in Soham Swami’s book  “Common Sense”, which advocated a form of “mystic atheism”. (In his famous autobiographical work – ‘Why I Am An Atheist’, Bhagat Singh, he has wrongly referred to Niralamba Swami as the author of the book- ‘Common Sense.’ The fact is that only the Introduction to the book was written by Niralamba Swami)

While in a condemned cell in 1931, he wrote a pamphlet entitled ‘Why I am an Atheist ‘in which he discusses and advocates the philosophy of atheism. This pamphlet was a result of some criticism by fellow revolutionaries on his failure to acknowledge religion and God while in a condemned cell, the accusation of vanity was also dealt with in this pamphlet. He supported his own beliefs and claimed that he used to be a firm believer in The Almighty, but could not bring himself to believe the myths and beliefs that others held close to their hearts. In this pamphlet, he acknowledged the fact that religion made death easier, but also said that unproved philosophy is a sign of human weakness.

While in prison, Bhagat Singh and two others had written a letter to the Viceroy asking him to treat them as prisoners of war and hence to execute them by firing squad and not by hanging. Prannath Mehta, Bhagat Singh’s friend, visited him in the jail on 20 March, four days before his execution, with a draft letter for clemency, but he declined to sign it.

Nikle Hai Veer Jiya Le Yun Apna Seena Taane

Has Has Ke Jaan Loota Ne Azad Savera Laane

Marke Kaise Jeete Hai Is Duniya Ko Batlana

Tere Lal Chale Hai Maiye Ab Teri Laaj Bachane

Marke Kaise Jeete Hai Is Duniya Ko Batlana

Tere Lal Chale Hai Maiye Ab Teri Laaj Bachane

Azadi Ka Shola Banke Khoon Rago Mein Dola

Mera Rang De

Mera Rang De Basanti Chola Maiye Rang De

September 20, 2012

Param Vir Chakra


The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India‘s highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy. It can be, and often has been, awarded posthumously.

The Param Vir Chakra  was established on 26 January 1950 (the date of India becoming a republic), by the President of India, with effect from 15 August 1947 (the date of Indian independence). It can be awarded to officers or enlisted personnel from all branches of the Indian military. It is the second highest award of the government of India after Bharat Ratna (amendment in the statute on 26 January 1980 resulted in this order of wearing). It replaced the former British colonial Victoria Cross(VC)

The design of Param Vir Chakra :

The medal itself is a small one. It is cast in bronze, and has a radius of 13/8 inch. In the centre, on a raised circle, is the state emblem, surrounded by four replicas of Indra’s Vajra, flanked by the sword of Shivaji. The decoration is suspended from a straight swiveling suspension bar, and is held by a 32 mm purple ribbon.

Major General Hira Lal Atal was given the responsibility for creating and naming independent India’s new military decorations.
And he asked Savitribhai Khanolkar to design the medal.
His reasons for choosing Mrs.Khanolkar were her deep and intimate knowledge of Indian mythology, Sanskrit and Vedas, which he hoped would give the design a truly Indian ethos. She was a painter and an artist, and wife of Captain (later Major General) Vikram Ramji Khanolkar, a serving officer with the Sikh Regiment, at the time of the request.

Savitribai thought of the sage Dadhichi – a vedic rishi who made the ultimate sacrifice to the Gods. He gave up his body so that the Gods could fashion a deadly weapon – a Vajra, or thunderbolt, from his thigh bone. Savitribai gave Major General Hira Lal Atal, the design of the double Vajra, common in Tibet. Its a myth that the medal also carries images of the fearless warrior king Shivaji’s sword Bhavani but this is a popular perpetuated myth.

(Coincidentally, the first PVC was awarded to her elder daughter’s brother-in-law Major Som Nath Sharma from 4 Kumaon Regiment who was posthumously awarded for his valour of November 3, 1947 during the 1947-48 Indo-Pak war in Kashmir.)

(many thanks to Kullu, who ‘sparked’ this piece of priceless info …  !)

August 3, 2012

Dark Knight Rises …..

Wonder, silence, gratitude

one who is going upstream ......

SS24 - in search of the bull !

one who is going upstream ......

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