Bill Spiller, a legendary black golfer during the 1940′s and 50′s, sitting forlornly on a bench at the 1952 San Diego Open, head in his hand, dejection on his face, after being excluded from the tournament because of the Professional Golfers’ Association’s color bar.
Manuel de los Santos ……..
“This philological evidence derives some support from the documentary evidence. The earliest works which make mention of chess date from about the beginning of the 7th century A. D., and are associated with the northwest India, Persia, and Islam. It is difficult to assign exact dates, but the oldest of a number of nearly contemporary references is generally assumed to be a mention of chess in a Middle Persian romance –the ‘Karnamak’– which is ascribed with some hesitation to the reign of Khusraw II Parwiz, the Sasanian king of Persia, 590-628 A. D. The others belong to northwest India.”
Caïssa is referred to in chess commentary. Garry Kasparov uses this reference now and again, especially in his epic five-volume work My Great Predecessors. It is used as a substitute for being fortunate – “Caïssa was with me” – especially in unclear situations, for example in sacrifices.Caïssa as a concept has also been explored by some who seek the evidence of the sacred feminine in chess.
In 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue computer won a 6-game match against the legendary Garry Kasparov and made headlines around the world. The match was billed in some quarters as humanity’s last stand against the machines. Was this proof that computers would take over the world and subjugate their human creators? Fortunately, over a decade later, this has yet to happen!
After the match, IBM packed away Deep Blue (pictured) in it’s metaphorical box and it never played chess again…